zondag 19 maart 2017

Amerikaans ministerie van BuZa: 'Nauwelijks politieke wil in Suriname om drugshandel aan te pakken'

VS kritisch over drugshandel en -smokkel vanuit Suriname en gebrekkige aanpak



De kans is groot dat drugssmokkel toeneemt, nu rechtstreekse vluchten worden onderhouden tussen Suriname en Verenigde Staten van Amerika. Dit stelt het Amerikaanse ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken (BuZa) in haar jaarlijkse rapport over bestrijding van drugshandel en witwaspraktijken, zo is zaterdag 18 maart 2017 te lezen op Waterkant.net. 

Suriname wordt aangemerkt als een doorvoerland. Drugs worden vanuit Zuid-Amerika via Suriname doorgevoerd naar Europa en Afrika. Ook naar de VS gaat er wat, maar dan in veel mindere mate.

Sinds vorig jaar kan weer rechtstreeks worden gevlogen tussen beide landen. Suriname kon na jaren weer voldoen aan de veiligheidseisen van de Amerikaanse luchtvaartautoriteiten.

Het State Department vindt de aanpak van Paramaribo tegen drugshandel echter zwak. Weliswaar wordt formeel stelling genomen tegen drugshandel. Volgens de Amerikanen komt er vrij veel corruptie bij publieke diensten voor.

De meeste cocaïne gaat het land uit via vrachtcontainers. Ook worden vissersbootjes ingezet die de drugs naar open zee vervoeren. Daar wordt het overgeladen op grote schepen. Suriname heeft vaak aangegeven dat de controle langs de uitgestrekte grenzen haast onuitvoerbaar is.


Tekst over Suriname in rapport:



Suriname




BUREAU OF INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT AFFAIRS


Report

Suriname is a transit zone for South American cocaine en route to Europe, Africa, and, to a lesser extent, the United States. Suriname’s sparsely populated coastal region and isolated jungle interior, together with weak border controls and infrastructure, make narcotics detection and interdiction efforts difficult. There is little evidence of drug production in Suriname.
The Government of Suriname is officially opposed to narcotics trafficking, but there appears to be little political will for vigorous enforcement. Corruption pervades many government offices in Suriname and may also play a role. Criminal investigations of alleged corrupt acts are rare and prosecutions even rarer. President DesirBouterse and Member of Parliament Ronnie Brunswijk have been convicted of drug trafficking in absentia in separate court cases in the Netherlands and France. Dino Bouterse, son of President Desire Bouterse, was sentenced in March 2015 to prison in New York for drug smuggling and other crimes.
Cargo containers carry most of the narcotics smuggled through Suriname, but smaller fishing vessels also carry drugs out to sea for transfer to larger freighters. A U.S.-funded, UN-sponsored Container Control Unit operates at the Terminal of Nieuwe Haven (Port of Paramaribo) and has assisted in two drug investigations this year; however, their operating protocol requires permission and oversight of Surinamese Customs authorities.
During the first nine months of 2015, Surinamese authorities arrested 139 alleged drug traffickers and seized 626.6 kilograms (kg) of cocaine, 33.8 liters of liquid cocaine, 841.7 kg of marijuana, four grams of heroin, 4.3 grams of hashish and 2,878 MDMA tablets. A 32-man Combating International Drug Trafficking (BID) team screens airport passengers on flights bound for the Netherlands. Suriname installed an automated biometrics border control system for travelers at points of entry in 2013 and amended the criminal code to allow DNA as evidence in 2014.
There is one free government-run detoxification center to treat domestic drug abuse; other treatment centers are run by non-governmental organizations. In 2014, legislation was adopted which allows treatment for drug addicts as an alternative to criminal sentencing.
Suriname is a party to the Inter-American Convention against Corruption and Migrant Smuggling and the Inter-American Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters. Suriname has a bilateral maritime counternarcotics enforcement agreement with the United States, as well as similar agreements with the Netherlands, Brazil, Venezuela, and Colombia.
In 2015, the United States provided training, technical assistance, and material support to several elements of the Surinamese Police as part of the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI), a security partnership between the United States and nations of the Caribbean that seeks to substantially reduce illicit trafficking, advance public safety and citizen security, and promote justice. The United States encourages the Government of Suriname to increase narcotics interdiction as well as subsequent investigations and prosecution

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