dinsdag 23 mei 2017

CARICOM-BuZa-ministers bezorgd over plaatsing Caribische landen op VS zwarte lijst financiële transacties

Ministers besluiten op Barbados protest aan te tekenen

(Bron foto: CARICOM)

CARICOM-ministers van Buitenlandse Zaken (BuZa) zijn bezorgd over de alarmerende situatie door het plaatsen van Caribische lidstaten op een Amerikaanse zwarte lijst voor financiële transacties (zie onderaan). Op Montserrat na zijn alle Caribische landen op de zwarte lijst geplaatst, zo meldt het Surinaamse ministerie vandaag, dinsdag 23 mei 2017.

De ministers hebben tijdens de twintigste vergadering van de Raad van Ministers van Buitenlandse Zaken van de CARICOM (COFCOR, Council for Foreign and Community Relations) op Barbados besloten te protesteren hiertegen. Deze kwestie wordt een punt van bespreking gemaakt op alle vergadering van de CARICOM. De vergadering is ook bijgewoond door een delegatie van Suriname, onder leiding van minister Yldiz Pollak-Beighle.

De onderwerpen die besproken zijn, waren onder andere:
• De nieuwe richting van de Caricom diplomatie als reactie op de veranderende internationale omgeving;
• De aangekondigde uittreding van het Verenigd Koninkrijk uit de Europese Unie (Brexit) en de weg die verder bewandeld moet worden met betrekking tot internationale handel en ontwikkelingssamenwerking;
• Een strategische benadering van het na - Cotonou partnerschap en de toekomst van de ACP (Afrikaanse, Caribische en Pacificsche landen);
• Multilaterale en hemisferische relaties waaronder de kwestie OAS – Venezuela;
• Preventie en controle van niet overdraagbare ziekten.

Over de veranderingen in de wereld die onder meer gebaseerd zijn op de vele uitdagingen waarmee nu rekening word gehouden onder andere door de verkiezing van een nieuwe president in de VS, de vluchtelingencrisis, de verstoorde verhoudingen in diverse regio’s en de opkomst van protectionisme alsmede de hardnekkigheid van het fenomeen terrorisme. Al deze zaken dwingen de CARICOM-lidstaten om zich te bezinnen op een nieuwe aanpak met verhoogde diplomatieke slagkracht, om te voorkomen dat de sub regio wordt gemarginaliseerd.

De vergadering was het er unaniem over eens, dat een hechtere samenwerking onderling en met andere regio’s de enige uitweg is om goede vooruitgang te bereiken in haar streven om duurzame ontwikkeling te realiseren.



Hieronder uit het Amerikaans rapport de tekst over Suriname:

Suriname OVERVIEW 

Money laundering in Suriname is closely linked to transnational criminal activity related to the transshipment of cocaine, primarily to Europe and Africa. According to local media reports, both domestic and international drug trafficking organizations are believed to control most of the laundered proceeds, which are primarily invested locally in casinos, real estate, foreign exchange companies, car dealerships, and the construction sector. Public corruption also may contribute to money laundering, though the full extent of its influence is unknown. Profits from small-scale gold mining and related industries fuel a thriving informal sector. Much of the money within this sector does not pass through the formal banking system. In Suriname’s undeveloped interior, bartering with gold is the norm for financial transactions.

VULNERABILITIES AND EXPECTED TYPOLOGIES 

Goods such as agricultural products, fuel, cigarettes, alcohol, and medicine are smuggled into the country via Guyana and French Guiana and are sold below market prices. Other goods are smuggled into the country with the primary aim of avoiding payment of import duties and other taxes.


There is little evidence to suggest this smuggling is funded by narcotics trafficking or other illicit activity. Contraband smuggling likely does not generate funds later laundered through the financial system.

There are indicators that TBML occurs, generally through the activities of local car dealerships, gold dealers, and currency exchanges (cambios). Money laundering may occur in the formal financial sector through banks and cambios. There is no evidence the formal banking sector facilitates movement of currency derived from illegal drug sales in the United States. Local drug sales of cocaine in transit through Suriname are usually conducted in U.S. dollars, which may be deposited domestically.

KEY AML LAWS AND REGULATIONS


Suriname has taken a number of steps recently to improve compliance with international AML standards. For example, the International Sanctions Act (O.G. 2016 no. 31) was enacted on February 29, 2016 and came into force on March 3, 2016 to amend the International Sanctions Act (O.G. 2014 no. 54). This law establishes as a legal entity a Council on International Sanctions, with the responsibility of supervising all service providers for compliance with the International Sanctions Act.

On February 29, 2016, the Law on detailed amendment to the Law on Personal Identification Service Act (O.G. 2016 no. 32) was enacted. It was brought into force on March 3, 2016 to amend the Personal Identification Services (WID) Act.

This law is directly related to the CDD obligations applicable in higher risk situations and is intended to make enhanced CDD mandatory for Suriname’s NPOs.

The Law on detailed amendment to the Law on Disclosure of Unusual Transactions Act (O.G. 2016 no 33) was enacted on February 29, 2016 and came into force on March 3, 2016 to amend the Disclosure of Unusual Transactions Act (O.G. 2002 no. 65, as amended in O.G. 2012 no. 133).

The overarching intent of this amendment is to further improve the AML mechanisms linked, in part, to the Act on Capital Market (O.G. 2014 no. 53).

On February 29, 2016, State Decree (O.G. 2016 no 34) was enacted with the overarching intent to implement article 2, section 1 of the Act International Sanctions (O.G. 2014 no. 54). CDD rules and STR requirements cover banks and credit unions, asset managers, securities brokers and dealers, insurance agents and companies, currency brokers, remitters, exchanges, auditors, accountants, notaries, lawyers, real estate agents, dealers in gold or other precious metals and stones, gaming entities and lotteries, and motor vehicle dealers.

The exchange of records between Suriname and other countries is possible via individual MOUs and mutual legal assistance requests. Suriname is a member of the CFATF, a FATF-style regional body. Suriname’s most recent mutual evaluation can be found at: https://www.cfatf-gafic.org/index.php/documents/cfatfmutual-evaluation-reports/suriname-1

AML DEFICIENCIES 

On November 25, 2015, the CFATF issued a public statement asking its members to consider the risks posed to their financial systems by the strategic deficiencies in Suriname’s AML regime. On November 10, 2016, the CFATF recognized Suriname’s improvements in the legislative and regulatory areas and called on Suriname to continue making further improvements to achieve full compliance with international AML standards.

Suriname has requirements for enhanced due diligence procedures for foreign, but not domestic, PEPs.

During the period January to September 2016, 115 of the 306,619 STRs received by the FIU led to investigations.

Suriname is not a member of the Egmont group. Additionally, the Government of Suriname is not party to the UNCAC.

ENFORCEMENT/IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES AND COMMENTS  


Suriname ratified the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances in 1992. A bill on international sanctions was passed in the first half of 2016. A gaming board was established by Law in 2009.

In March 2016, the Minister of Justice and Police met with the three-member leadership team of the Gaming Board. The Board presented a plan to start operational activities in the near future. Other than the three members, the Board has no personnel.

From January to September 2016, there were four money laundering prosecutions and no convictions.

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