zaterdag 26 augustus 2017

Brazilië pakt sloop Braziliaanse schepen bij schrootbedrijven in India, Pakistan en Bangladesh aan

Braziliaanse bedrijven kunnen boetes tot zo'n $ 3,2 miljoen krijgen

(Bron foto: NGO Shipbreaking Platform)

Brazilië is van plan om regelgeving te versterken om te voorkomen dat exporteurs, zoals Petrobras en Vale SA, verouderende schepen verkopen aan kopers die de vaartuigen door controversiële schrootbedrijven aan de kust van Zuid-Azië laten slopen.

Eerder deze maand besloten de autoriteiten om een ​​wettelijk kader te ontwikkelen om ervoor te zorgen, dat oude Braziliaanse schepen niet eindigen bij recyclers die berucht zijn vanwege het gebruik van vuile en gevaarlijke methoden, aldus de landelijke milieu wachtdog Ibama (Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis).

Braziliaanse bedrijven kunnen boetes krijgen die kunnen oplopen tot maximaal 10 miljoen reais (3,2 miljoen dollar) als Ibama vindt dat ze internationale normen overtreden door hun schepen te laten slopen door schrootbedrijven in India, Pakistan en Bangladesh.

Met het verkopen van schepen te aan kopers die ze vervolgens naar Zuid-Aziatische stranden sturen voor ontmanteling, staan de twee Braziliaanse exporteurs niet alleen. Maar, Vale - die twee vaartuigen verkocht die dit jaar naar India zijn gestuurd en van plan is om nog vier te laten slopen - is een van de weinige mijnbouwbedrijven die nog steeds zijn vloot bezit, terwijl andere olieproducenten, zoals Royal Dutch Shell Plc, schepen uiteindelijk op een veiliger en duurzamere manier laten recyclen.

In maart stortte Ibama zich op de verkoop van een Petrobras-schip genaamd Lobato aan recyclers die het schip in India willen slopen.. Daarop volgde een klacht ingediend door de Brusselse non-gouvernementele organisatie Shipbreaking Platform. Sindmar, de maritieme vakbond van Brazilië, voegde zich bij de NGO om zowel Petrobras als Vale, de grootste exporteurs van het land, te beschuldigen van het misbruiken van normen die zijn vastgesteld door het Verdrag van Basel, die het vervoer van gevaarlijke stoffen naar minder ontwikkelde landen moet voorkomen.

Ter informatie:


NGOs and trade unions criticize Petrobras’ end-of-life fleet management

Brussels/Rio de Janeiro, 15 June 2017 – The Brazilian CONTTMAF trade union federation and its member SINDMAR [1] have recently criticized the shipbreaking practices of Transpetro, the oil and gas transportation subsidiary of the Brazilian petroleum corporation Petrobras, majority-owned by the State. In the last five years, more than twenty vessels owned by the oil and gas giant have been dismantled on the beaches of India and Pakistan, where shipbreaking activities endanger both workers and the environment. In an official letter sent on 2 June 2017 to Transpetro, Severino Almeida, president of CONTTMAF and SINDMAR, expresses his serious concerns about the Petrobras’ poor end-of-life fleet management. Several of the ships that ended up in South Asia were built thanks to financing provided by the Merchant Marine Fund. In other words, public money has therefore been used to build ships that now put workers’ lives at risk and pollute the environment in developing countries.
According to maritime databases, at least six more units owned by Petrobras have already been sold for demolition but are still in Brazilian territorial waters. Four drill platforms were bought in a public auction by the cash-buyer Rota Shipping who exclusively delivers to Turkish yards and was able to offer just 180,000 USD more than Alfa Ship Trading, a cash-buyer who only sends to India. On the other hand, the product tanker LOBATO and the liquefied petroleum gas carrier GUAPORE have been sold by Petrobras to Indian breakers. The NGO Shipbreaking Platform has alerted Brazilian authorities about the imminent illegal exports under Basel Convention’s rules of these two vessels, currently located at Rio de Janeiro Anchorage. To date, no reply has been received.
As published recently by SINDMAR, and based on data collected by the Platform, Petrobras is not the only Brazilian company involved in dirty and dangerous scrapping practices. In the last two years, the Brazilian multinational corporation Vale, engaged in metals and mining, has also sold five ships to shipbreaking beaches in Bangladesh and Pakistan, where at least 79 workers were severely injured and 55 died in 2016. 35 year-old worker Mukhlesur was crushed to death as he and his co-workers were moving a large metal slab from the Vale’s ORE TIMBOPEBA at Mak Corporation Ship Breaking yard in Chittagong, Bangladesh.
It is unacceptable that Petrobras and other Brazilian companies contribute to the deaths and environmental pollution in South Asia”, says Nicola Mulinaris, Communication and Policy Officer of the NGO Shipbreaking Platform. “In order to ensure clean and safe ship recycling off the beach, we demand stricter requirements for the public auctions of Petrobras’ end-of-life vessels and the enforcement of international legislation on hazardous waste exports. The vessels could even be recycled in Brazil”, adds Carlos Müller, CONTTMAF’s and SINDMAR’s Director.
A committee coordinated by the Ministry of Labour and Employment, with the presence of the Brazilian Navy and Petrobras itself, is now considering the possibility to include ship recycling in the scope of national regulation NR 34, which sets environmental and safety requirements for ship building and offshore constructions, including repair activities.
Widening the scope of regulation NR 34 is certainly a step in the right direction. Should Brazil be serious about starting to use the dormant national ship recycling capacity, we call on all interested Brazilian yards to follow the standards set in the EU Ship Recycling Regulation and to apply to be included in the upcoming EU List of approved ship recycling facilities,” says Mulinaris.

[1] The Confederação Nacional dos Trabalhadores em Transportes Aquaviários e Aéreos, na Pesca e nos Portos (CONTTMAF) is a confederacy constituted for the purpose of coordenation, orientation, defense and legal representation of the professional categories in the maritime, riverine, lacustrine, diving, civil aviation, fishing and port activities. The Sindicato Nacional dos Oficiais da Marinha Mercante (SINDMAR), part of the confederacy, is the maritime officers’ union.

(De Surinaamse Krant/Gulf News/Bloomberg/NGO Shipbreaking Platform/Twitter)


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